Large stones aerial view of Stonehenge(megaliths) standing upright with a horizontal stone balanced upon them (post and lintel). Numerous such structures have survived from Stone Age France and England — for example, at see thumbnail to right Stonehenge, c. 2,500-1,500 BCE, stone, 162 inches high, and located 330 feet above sea level on the chalk downland of Salisbury Plain, about 80 miles west of London near the town of Amesbury. About half of the original monument is missing, but enough remains to provide an idea of what it was once like. It was built in three phases. The first phase saw the digging of the "henge" that encloses the main area in about 2800 BCE, and the first arrangement of stones erected c. 2100 BCE. Once on site, a "sarsen stone" was prepared to accommodate stone lintels along its top surface. It was then dragged until the end was over the opening of the hole. Great levers were inserted under the stone and it was raised until gravity made it slide into the hole. At this point, Stonehengethe stone stood on about a 30° angle from the ground. Ropes were attached to the top and teams of men pulled from the other side to raise it into the full upright position. It was secured by filling the hole at its base with small, round packing stones. At this point, the lintels were lowered into place and secured vertically by mortice and tenon joints and horizontally by tongue and groove joints. It was begun by people of the late Neolithic period and completed by a Celtic people called Beaker Folk for their use of pottery drinking vessels, began to use metal implements and to live in a more communal fashion than their ancestors. The popular story has been that Stonehenge was built by the Druids, but they were Celts present during the much later time of Roman occupation.

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  • Dolmen — Dolmen …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • dolmen — [ dɔlmɛn ] n. m. • 1805; du bret. taol, tol « table » et men « pierre » ♦ Monument mégalithique, composé de pierres brutes agencées en forme de table gigantesque. Alignements de dolmens et de menhirs. Suite de dolmens formant allée couverte. « au …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dolmen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dolmen de Axeitos, Galicia …   Wikipedia Español

  • dolmen — DOLMÉN, dolmene, s.n. Monument funerar megalitic, format dintr o lespede mare de piatră aşezată orizontal pe altele dispuse vertical. – Din fr. dolmen. Trimis de LauraGellner, 18.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  dolmén s. n., pl. dolméne Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • Dolmen — Sm vorgeschichtliches Steingrabmal per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. dolmen vorgeschichtliches (teilweise für keltisch gehaltenes) Steindenkmal . Dieses ist (nach Loth s.u.) von Legrand d Aussy mißverstanden aus dem… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • dolmen — ou dolmin (dol mèn ou dol min ) s. m. Monument formé d une grande pierre plate posée sur deux pierres dressées verticalement, qu on trouve en différentes parties de l Europe, surtout dans l Armorique et en Angleterre, qu on attribue généralement… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • dolmen — dol men (d[o^]l m[e^]n), n. [Armor. taol, tol, table + mean, maen, men, stone: cf. F. dolmen.] A cromlech. See {Cromlech}. [Written also {tolmen}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dolmen — (Del fr. dolmen, de or. inc.). m. Monumento megalítico en forma de mesa, compuesto de una o más lajas colocadas de plano sobre dos o más piedras verticales …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Dolmen — Dolmen, 1) im nördlichen Frankreich, bes. bei Arras, u. in Großbritannien große Felsstücke, auf welchen andere, zuweilen einer oscillirenden Bewegung fähige, große Steine liegen; sie sind Reste zu gottesdienstlichem Zwecke aus der Druidenzeit,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dolmen — Dolmen, vorgeschichtliche Monumente, die auf ebener Erde oder erhöhten Punkten in der Weise hergestellt wurden, daß man zunächst einige mächtige Steinplatten zu einem primitiven Bauwerk zusammenfügte, dann die Zwischenräume zwischen den aufrecht… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dolmen — (kelt., »Steintisch«), vorhistor. Denkmäler (Grabstätten) aus großen unbehauenen, eine oder mehrere Kammern bildenden Steinblöcken [Abb. 439], an der Ost und Nordsee (Südschweden, Irland, Dänemark, Westdeutschland, Frankreich), der atlant. Küste… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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